Outside a salon in East Mosul last week, while her daughter beautified the clients, Umm Safaa explained why she wouldn't allow anyone to photograph her shop.
When Islamic State militants see something on TV that is good, they bomb it, she said. Look at My Beautiful Lady restaurant. Look at the perfume shop.
A few months ago, militants attacked both businesses when they were featured on the news as signs that Mosul is coming back after nearly three years under IS rule. At least 26 people were killed in the attacks, but locals said the death toll was far higher.
On Friday, suicide bombers hit a busy market in East Mosul while Iraqi forces in West Mosul battled for IS's last stronghold. It is not known how many people died or were injured that day, but like most days in Mosul, the violence was overwhelming.
And as Iraqi forces poise themselves to win the battle for Mosul city in the coming days or weeks, some locals fear that when this war is over, rebuilding infrastructure will not be enough to end more than a decade of extremist brutality and build a lasting peace.
Frequent extremist attacks in Mosul after 2004 led to heavy-handed governance, in turn leading to popular distrust of the military, said Zainab, 40, in her East Mosul home. So when IS took over, there was little if any resistance among families who stayed in the city.
Things are better now, she said. The military doesn't harass us. With almost all of her furniture sold for food under IS rule, she offered a single orange plastic chair to guests, saying that improved relations between the military and the public would help quell extremism, but not necessarily mean an end to the conflict.
We are afraid IS may take over again in a few years, Zainab said. Before they retreated, they wrote on building walls: 'We will be bigger and stronger. And we will be back.'
While East Mosul struggles to recover amid ongoing attacks, much of West Mosul is a wasteland, with bodies buried in gardens and under the rubble. Dead IS fighters rot in the streets while families flee, starving and often injured from the battle that still rages in the Old City.
As many as 100,000 civilians trapped inside are now referred to as hostages as IS militants use them as human shields in the battle.
An airstrike hit our house, but we stayed hidden under the collapsed roof," said Mohammad, 16, sitting on a hard mat in a refugee camp outside the city three days after his family fled. His single foot was bandaged, and dried blood spotted his calf. His other leg was lost to a mortar strike in March.
When Iraqi forces got close to his broken home, "they shouted, 'Get out! Come!' Mohammad said, urging families to run to safety behind Iraqi lines. His father raced across the rooftops of neighboring houses with Mohammad on his back.
My parents will return here later, Mohammad added, explaining his father's absence in the camp. They went back to find the bodies of my uncle and my cousin. Ahmed, the cousin, was 1 year old.
Source: Voice of America